Arbutin is a naturally occurring derivative of hydroquinone. It is believed to be one of the best alternatives to hydroquinone as it provides the skin-lightening effect of hydroquinone without some of the risks. ... Skin lightening is often desired for cosmetic purposes to help fade or lighten hyperpigmentation.
Potential benefits. Kojic's acid primary use — and benefit — is to lighten visible sun damage, age spots, or scars. This can result in an anti-aging effect on the skin. In addition to skin-lightening effects, kojic acid also contains some antimicrobial properties.
Lactic acid 90%, does fade darks spots and hyperpigmentation making it a safe ingredient to brighten and even your complexion